Jyotiba Phule was given the title of Mahatma in 1888. (Photo: Wikimedia Commons)

mahatma jyotiba phule death anniversary ​​From social reform to women’s education struggle

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The name of Jyotiba Phule is counted among the major social reformers of Indian history. In the 19th century, he struggled throughout his life against the evils spread in the Indian society. He worked especially for the

The name of Mahatma Jyotiba Phule is at the fore among those who have fought against caste and social inequality in India. Known as a social worker, thinker, social worker and writer, Jyotiba Phule had worked to eradicate social evils like untouchability and strengthen the deprived sections in the country, especially in Maharashtra. For this work, Jyotiba also succeeded in taking all sections of the society with her and was successful in bringing about a change in a big way. Today 28 November is the death anniversary of Jyotiba Phule.

Struggle for the upliftment of the lower classes
Jyotirao Govindrao Phule was born on 11 April 1827 in Pune in a family of Mali caste. His family was originally from Sitara, who came to Pune and worked as a gardener. He fought to empower the lower strata of the society. For this he had to fight against the established rules and traditions. She also had to clash with the British rule for women’s education.

Women’s education
Jyotiba Phule is not only known for eliminating casteism in the society. To improve the condition of women, a school was opened in 1854 so that they could be educated and make their own identity. This was the first school in the country opened for girls. When he could not find any female teacher to teach in this school, he taught his wife Savitri and made others capable of teaching

An intense struggle
Jyotiba had to struggle no less for her works. In the work done in the upliftment of women, some people put pressure on their father and got him out of the house along with his wife. Despite all this, Jyotiba did not lose heart and opened three schools for girls

The title of Mahatma also
Jyotiba founded the Satyashodhak Samaj in 1873 to provide justice to the downtrodden and the oppressed class. Seeing his social service, he was given the title of Mahatma in a huge gathering in Mumbai in the year 1888. It was Jyotirao who used the word Dalit for the first time.

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The marriage program gave inspiration
, it is said that a big change was seen in them when they attended the marriage ceremony of their friend. But his friend’s parents asked him to stay away from this ceremony as he belonged to Shudra caste and despised him. This inspired him to work against the injustice of the caste system. He started the practice of performing marriage rites without Brahmin-priest and it was also recognized by the Bombay High Court.

He was an anti-child marriage and a supporter of widow-marriage against infanticide . He started a home for upper class pregnant widows in 1863 where they could give birth to their children safely. He launched a campaign to stop feticide and infanticide and also opened an orphanage.

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As a writer, Jyotiba had also written many books, in which the third gem, Chhatrapati Shivaji, Raja Bhosala’s fortnight, Brahmin’s tact, farmer’s whip, untouchables were prominent. He supported simple religious ideas and healthy traditions by opposing the caste system as well as idol worship and also rejected the need for priests

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